We were introduced to Virgil Hillyer by a friend at Childlight USA. We had started to read Hillyer's Child's History of the World, and she suggested that his three small books on architecture, sculpture and painting would be a wonderful supplement to our studies. Hillyer was the Headmaster at Calvert School in Baltimore. A teacher at heart, he was the author of many child's histories. He co-wrote the series on art with one of the science and art teachers at Calvert School, Edward Huey. They worked together for seven years on the series, bringing to a child's attention the oft neglected works of fine art, sculpture and architecture.
After four years of observing the fruit of architecture study, I believe that it should be a part of every child's education because it also helps the child develop a fuller appreciation for all other subjects. When a child has studied architecture, he is unafraid of the Pythagorean theorem because he has seen it before in Egypt's Great Pyramids and the Louvre Pyramid in Paris. In his U.S. History class, he can understand how a young John Quincy Adams could eavesdrop on fellow House members as they met in Statuary Hall because of the Hall's elliptical ceiling. When he reads Pyle's King Arthur and His Knights, he knows that a portcullis is the huge latticework gate that is dropped across the gateway of a castle to bar intruders. He can visualize the Globe theater of Shakespeare's day because he knows that Tudor architecture was popular during Queen Elizabeth's reign.
After building a good foundation in architecture (pardon the pun), children take delight in pointing out architectural terms in the books that they read. They love to discover that their house has dentil molding, casement windows, a fanlight, or arches and keys above their windows. They begin to look for elements of architecture in the neighborhood and cities they visit. By including a study of architecture in our schools, we are creating well-rounded citizens. We are not only exposing our children to the standard "reading, writing and arithmetic," but encouraging a child to become "a master of much knowledge besides."
Consider this comment from Charlotte Mason's Volume 6: Towards a Philosophy of Education
In the great (and ungoverned) age of the Renaissance, the time when great things were done, great pictures painted, great buildings raised, great discoveries made, the same man was a painter, an architect, a goldsmith and a master of much knowledge besides; and all that he did he did well, all that he knew was part of his daily thought and enjoyment. Let us hear Vasari on Leonardo,––
"Possessed of a divine and marvellous intellect and being an excellent geometrician, he not only worked at sculpture . . . but also prepared many architectural plans and buildings . . . he made designs for mills and other engines to go by water; and, as painting was to be his profession . . . he studied drawing from life."
Leonardo knew nothing about Art for Art's sake, that shibboleth of yesterday, nor did our own Christopher Wren, also a great mathematician and master of much and various knowledge, to whom architecture was rather a by-the-way interest, and yet he built St. Paul's. What an irreparable loss we had when that plan of his for a beautiful and spacious London was flung aside because it would cost too much to carry it out! Just so of our parsimony do we fling aside the minds of the children of our country, also capable of being wrought into pleasaunces of delight, structures of utility and beauty, at a pitifully trifling cost. It is well we should recognise that the business of education is with us all our lives, that we must always go on increasing our knowledge.
p. 54, Vol. 6, Towards a Philosophy of Education
All that he knew was part of his daily thought and enjoyment.
How beautiful would it be to have children who daily meditate and take joy in the knowledge they are acquiring! Creating this sense of joy and passion for learning is exactly what we as teachers aspire to do. A feast of living books on a variety of subjects give us the best opportunity of accomplishing just that. I hope you that you will consider adding a study of architecture to your homeschool routine.
In my next post, I will provide a suggested schedule and method for studying architecture.